Wednesday, September 1, 2010

Canada Blacksnakeroot (Sanicula canadensis)

Several Sanicula species grow in the eastern or southeastern United States: Sanicula canadensis, S. smallii, S. trifoliata, and S. odorata. I believe this plant is S. canadensis which is known by the common names Canada Blacksnakeroot, Canada Sanicle, Black Snakeroot.

When I first saw this plant, I thought I was looking at burrs but when I took a closer look, the ‘burrs’ had tiny white flowers about 1 mm in diameter. I’ve only seen it at Fort Yargo State Park where I saw several plants along the trail from the dam opposite the swimming beach (segment 3) and half way between the Fishing Area and Picnic Area #1 (segment 13) where they grow in shaded areas.

The top of a plant in a rare patch of sunlight.

The leaves.

Leaves and flower heads.

Flower heads with flowers.

A closer view of the flowers; they may not be fully opened.

Sanicula Canadensis
(Canada Blacksnakeroot) is native to the eastern United States and Canada.

Click on an image to view a larger image

Distribution Map:

- United States Department of Agriculture Plants Database: Sanicula canadensis (Canada Blacksnakeroot)
University of North Carolina Herbarium: Sanicula canadensis

Identification resources:

- Natural and Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas and Georgia: Sanicula canadensis (Canada Sanicle, Black Snakeroot)

- Missouri Plants: Sanicula canadensis

Related posts:

- 2010: Year Of The Wildflower – Wildflower Index

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